What You Need To Know About Isopropanol

Isopropanol is a chemical that is known with many names like rubbing alcohol, petrohol, 1-methylethyl alcohol, 2-propyl alcohol, 2-propanol, isopropyl alcohol, and so on. It is one of the most popular solvents used in different industries and for numerous applications. This chemical is generally safe and non-toxic but it can be hazardous under certain circumstances, so consumers and users should use it with caution. People working with this chemical should know the properties of this substance to prevent accidental exposures. The highly concentrated form of this compound is extremely flammable.
If you have seen this chemical, you can identify this as a clear liquid with a strong odor that is somewhere between that of ethyl alcohol and acetone and, as mentioned quite earlier, it is a flammable liquid. The substance is totally miscible in water, acetone, benzene, ethanol, and chloroform. The melting point is -89C and the boiling point is 82C. During storage and handling, it should not be exposed to strong oxidizing agents because it reacts violently with them. It shares the same chemical properties as secondary alcohols. It undergoes combustion to release some carbon monoxide and other toxic gases.
There are generally two ways to produce isopropyl alcohol which are the direct and the indirect methods. Both methods require water and propene, and in indirect process a strong acid (sulfuric acid) is used. This alcohol may also be produced through direct reduction of acetone with an aid of a catalyst. The advantage of isopropyl alcohol against other solvents is its low cost.
The liquid substance shares similar properties with ethyl alcohol especially in terms of evaporation rate and solvent characteristics. Its solvent properties work well for cellulose acetate butyrate, cellulose nitrate, and cellulose acetate propionate and it is advantageous in lacquers as it is completely miscible with so many solvents. Since it is a very effective solvent, it is used for thinners and inks.
In the industrial scene, it is considered a mature product whose global demand is increasing steadily annually. The fastest growing demand for this chemical is seen in the agricultural sector as it is used to produce monoisopropylamine which is used in herbicide manufacture. There is only slight increase in the production of ketone derivatives though since such chemical derivatives are used for solvents for inks and coatings. Producers of this chemical are constantly dealing with regulations on volatile organic compounds imposed by the government.
You might have heard that this chemical is used to produce acetone including the derivatives of acetone like isopropyl xanthate, diisopropyl ether, isopropyl acetate, isopropylamine, aluminium isopropoxide, and fatty acid esters. Isopropyl alcohol has countless other uses like it is used as a coolant in the manufacture of beer and it is also a dehydrating agent used for various purposes. It is employed in the manufacture of polyvinyl fluoride and a foam inhibitor. The highly concentrated form of this chemical is used as a preservative for biology specimens and is actually a better alternative to formaldehyde. Because of its extremely low melting point, it is used as a de-icing agent and is an ingredient of windscreen wipers. Basically, you will find it in grocery stores as rubbing alcohol which is usually sold as 40% and 70% solutions.
The excellent solvent properties of isopropyl alcohol make it excellent for extraction of other substances from natural sources like vegetable oils and animal fats, waxes, alkaloids, Business Administration Salary Masters vitamins, gum resins, and so on. It also serves as a carrier employed in the production of food products. It is also used to purify, precipitate, and crystallize organic substances.
As implied earlier, it is a volatile compound and must be stored properly. The storage site should be a cool, dry place with low fire hazard and good ventilation. It must be stored in places Small Business News away from incompatible substances. You should know that empty containers that once contained isopropyl alcohol can be dangerous because of locked in vapors, so precautions must be observed.

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